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Becoming Europe
  • Hardcover
  • 336 pages
  • ISBN: 1-59403-637-3
  • Published: 01/08/2013
  • List price: $25.99
  • Our price: $18.19
  • You save: $7.80 (30%)

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Becoming Europe

Economic Decline, Culture, and How America Can Avoid a European Future

“This is a book that every economist, historian, and politician should read.”
Amity Shlaes, syndicated Bloomberg News columnist

“The greatness of America lies not in being more enlightened than any other nation, but rather in her ability to repair her faults.”
Alexis de Tocqueville

As we teeter on the brink of the “fiscal cliff,” Americans face a trifecta of economic challenges: sequestration, entitlement reform, and a Molotov cocktail of tax increases all threaten to plunge the nation deep into a new recession.

Will we respond to these challenges by doubling down on what has not worked to date, on policies which are alarmingly similar to those of our Social Democratic friends in Europe?  If the Democrats under President Obama get their way, the answer is surely ‘yes’.

But a timely and sobering new book explains why we cannot ignore the “canary in the coalmine” across the pond in determining our economic future.

Samuel Gregg’s Becoming Europe exposes the true scope of the crisis gripping our Transatlantic cousins: the crush of enormous debt, governments consuming close to fifty percent of the economy, high taxation, sharply aging populations, crony capitalism, and staggeringly high numbers of public-sector workers being supported by an ever-dwindling class of private-sector employees.

Most alarmingly, Becoming Europe reveals that America has already moved in the direction of the European welfare state—much closer than most Americans realize.

How can we turn back? Gregg prescribes a return to the American spirit of entrepreneurship and innovation, the very spirit that can not only curb America’s drift towards what Alexis de Tocqueville called the “soft despotism” of Europe, but reinvigorate the American Experiment. In this, Becoming Europe also provides a blueprint for American Conservatives to emerge back from the political wilderness.

In this eye-opening and sobering book, Gregg reveals:

  • The real differences between American and European economic cultures—an economy that prioritizes economic liberty vs. an economy that prioritizes economic security—and why it matters.
  • That values and institutions may be more important than specific economic policies in reclaiming America’s entrepreneurial spirit.
  • The political culture that brought Frenchman Alexis de Tocqueville to America over 180 years ago has been become adulterated.  We have become more European, instead of Europe becoming more American, as Tocqueville hoped.  Both are worse as a result.
  • America needs an attitude adjustment to avoid what Jonathan Rauch has aptly called Demosclerosis. Unfortunately for them, Europe may be too far down the road to serfdom to turn around in its present form.

Samuel Gregg is director of research at the Acton Institute.  He is the author of many books, including the prize winning The Commercial Society (2007).  He lectures regularly in America and Europe on topics including political economy, economic culture, and morality and the economy.  His writings have appeared in publications including National Review, The American Spectator, and Crisis Magazine.

Some Questions and Answers:

1) Is Becoming like Europe really such a bad thing?   Long vacations, free healthcare, early retirement, etc.

Yes, it is.  The future of Europe is Greece. And unless we do something, the future of America is California. Just ask the thousands of Californians and businesses who have fled the land of Nancy Pelosi if that is a ‘bad thing’.

2) Is our fiscal cliff really a “Thelma and Louise” moment for America?  Will we become like Greece overnight?

Rome wasn’t burnt in a day. The United States still can turn it around but it must get its American mojo back, and give up on Europe Envy.

3) Isn’t there a divide between American rhetoric and reality when it comes to the economy?

Many Americans boast of free enterprise and free markets, when many are in fact reluctant to roll back state intervention when it benefits them directly—ie subsidies for their particular industry or state.

4) But isn’t the world becoming more Americanized? McDonalds and Hollywood dominate the globe.

All economic indicators—the debt, rising entitlements, increased regulations—point to the American economy becoming Europeanized over the last ten years, but particularly since 2008.

5) In November the American People voted for the candidate that promised security over the candidate that promised a return to competiveness and growth.  Isn’t this what they want?

We can’t afford our entitlement system.  Part of the problem is Americans haven’t really been asked to pay for it yet. The emerging debates on taxation and entitlements will tell us just how much Americans want to become Europe.


“We’re becoming like Europe.” This expression captures many Americans’ sense that something has changed in American economic life since the Great Recession’s onset in 2008: that an economy once characterized by commitments to economic liberty, rule of law, limited government and personal responsibility has drifted in a distinctly “European” direction.

Across the Atlantic, Americans see European economies faltering under enormous debt, overburdened welfare states, governments controlling close to fifty percent of the economy, high taxation, heavily regulated labor markets, aging populations, and large numbers of public sector workers. They also see a European political class seemingly unable – and, in some cases, unwilling – to implement economic reform, and seemingly more concerned with preserving its own privileges. Looking, however, at their own society, Americans are increasingly asking themselves: “Is this our future?”

In Becoming Europe, Samuel Gregg uses the idea of economic culture – the values and institutions – that inform our economic priorities to explain how European economic life has drifted in the direction of what Alexis de Tocqueville called “soft despotism”, and the ways in which similar trends are manifesting themselves in the United States. America, Gregg argues, is not yet Europe. Economic decline need not be its future. The good news is that the path to recovery lies deep in the distinctiveness of American economic culture. But there are ominous signs that some of the cultural foundations of America’s historically-unparalleled economic success are corroding in ways that are not easily reversible and for which the European experience should serve as the proverbial canary in the mine shaft.

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